Terpenes

Terpenes (3)

Here we will cover some basic info about various Terpenes common to Cannabis but first... just in case you are now saying "What is a Terpene"?  Lets give you the simplest way to know what they are and how they are grouped. 

 ISOPRENE 1. All Terpenes are formed from Isoprene. Isoprene is 5 carbon atoms long and every Terpene is basically made from this building block, think of an Isoprene being a singular Lego Block.
 Isoprene149x105  
  2. Just like lego's these units can be snapped together so they will always be 5,10,15,20,25 or 30 carbon atoms long.
They may have additional Hydrogen and or Oxygen atoms attached which changes them from Terpenes to Terpenoids.
Either way we can use the more commonly used term, aromatic hydrocarbons.
So again Terpenoid's are Terpene's that have been oxidized meaning one or more Oxygen atoms have been added.

So a Isoprene is the smallest Terpene with just 5 carbon atoms. Think of an Isoprene as a Stem Cell or a Lego Block.  This molecule is critical to everything about Cannabis. Everything!

To begin with its the building block for ALL the other Terpene’s and Terpenoids. And 5 is the magic number

  1. A Hemiterpene is 5 Carbon Atoms so it contains 1 Isoprene unit.
  2. A Monoterpene is 10 Carbon Atoms or 2 Isoprene units.
  3. A Sesquiterpenes is 15 Carbon Atoms or 3 Isoprene units.
  4. A Diterpene is 20 Carbon Atoms or 4 Isoprene units.
  5. A Sesterterpenes is 25 Carbon Atoms or 5 Isoprene units, these are somewhat more rare actually.
  6. A Triterpene is 30 Carbon Atoms or 6 Isoprene units.

We see this molecule in the building blocks of Cannabinoids too, just look at the structure of Geranyl Pyrophosphate, Its the Starting Lego Block for all Cannabinoids.  Read that section after this one if you haven't already
We will write more about each terpene over time and we will continue to bridge the knowledge gap. Our end goal; to make it as easy to understand and with as much detail as possible. But writing this up takes time. 
It will happen though as this is core to our mission.   :EDUCATION
Documentation is what creates Education and that is where we are today.
Same end goal though - explaining this in a way that is as simplified as technically possible.
Tuesday, 21 November 2017 13:11

Pulegone

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Pulegone Source - PennyRoyal FlowerWe will add to this as we find the time. 

Pulegone is a monoterpene

It is classified as a monoterpene and is a clear colorless oily liquid and has a pleasant odor similar to pennyroyal.
Smell/Flavor:

  • Mint
  • rosemary
  • candy
  • peppermint
  • camphor
Properties:
Can be damaging to the liver in high quantities

Effects:
Acetylcholinesterase inhibitor

Conditions:
Alzheimer’s


Pulegone is a naturally occurring organic compound obtained from the essential oils of a variety of plants.
  • Nepeta cataria (catnip)
  • Mentha piperita
  • pennyroyal. 
Tuesday, 21 November 2017 13:02

Terpineol

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Terpineol - pine cone/floral smellIts Use:

This forest fragranced terp smells like an earthy mix of pines and cloves. It’s frequently used in household products because of its olfactory pleasing sensation.
Its woody scent appeals to the seasoned pot smoker and is found in varieties such as Jack Herer and other Jack crossbreeds.

Studies have found cannabis extracted Terpineol to have antioxidant properties which carry an array of health benefits as well as being a trusted cancer-fighting ally.

Terpineol:

Smell/Flavor: 

  • Floral
  • lilac
  • citrus
  • apple
  • orange
  • lime
  • harsh yet sweet
Properties:
Extensively used in talc powder, perfumes, soaps, detergents, shampoo's, conditioners, household products, potpourri and incense for its fragrance


Effects:
Sedative


Conditions:
Insomnia, anxiety, stress
Monday, 20 November 2017 07:42

Alpha Bisabolol

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chamomile tea 333x250Alpha Bisabolol also known as levomenol, is a natural monocyclic sesquiterpene.

I know, that is a mouthful and most like way over everyone's head... Terpenes are made in groupings of (5) carbon atoms. 

So a Sesquiterpene is basically 3 lego blocks in size, meaning they are defined by their grouping of 15 carbon atoms. Basically its an assembly of 3 isoprene units with oxygen attached making them isoprenoid units. 

Alpha Bisabolol has a mild, floral, peppery odor and it is the major active component of Chamomile. It has long been used in cosmetics for its anti-inflammatory, healing, soothing, and anti-microbial properties. Alpha Bisabolol is well suited for use in skin care preparations and can be useful in both sensitive skin and child/baby products as a soothing active. It has the following benefits.

  • Shown to induce apoptosis in models of leukemia.
  • Enhance skin absorption of various molecules. 
  • Strong wound healing capabilities.
  • Natural deodorant replacement abilities.
  • Heals wounds
  • Anti-Inflammatory
  • Analgesic
  • Anti-bacterial
  • Anti-mutagenic
  • Antioxidant
  • Neuroprotectant

 211px Bisabolol Line Structure

May also help in protecting specific neurons and fighting against Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.

  • SYNERGY: Synergistic effects with other CANNABINOIDS 

  • Analgesic - CBG, CBD

AROMA

  • Floral, Herb-Like
  • Fragrant Flavor
  • Soft
  • Coconut
  • Fruity
  • Nutty

SOURCES

  • Chamomile
  • Candeia Tree

Strains with Alpha Bisabolol

  • Ghost OG. 
  • LA OG
  • Grape Stomper
  • MTF
  • Diamond Girl
  • AMS

Holy Christ Oil

"Cannabis has a very rich history of medicinal use that dates back thousands of years and across many cultures.."